Tswalu is a genuinely unique environment within the arid savanna of Southern Africa and offers three biomes – dunes, plains and mountains. The presence of the Korannaberg mountains forms a vast basin acting as a natural and much-needed rainfall catchment area, creating a healthy water table and encouraging a large and successful diversity of life - with about eighty species of mammals and two hundred and forty species of birds.
The focus of the Tswalu Kalahari experience is to expose guests to the wonders of this unique Kalahari ecosystem. The professionally trained guides are encouraged to explore all aspects of this ecosystem including plant life, insects, birds, reptiles and the smaller mammals and to help guests to understand the importance of conservation with particular reference to Tswalu's vast and unique wilderness.
Tswalu is home to much of the "charismatic" African big game; including the big cats; lion, cheetah and leopard, and other bushveld species such as wild dog, buffalo and desert black rhino. Tswalu has developed into a vast private reserve of unique biodiversity and natural beauty, offering a haven to many rare and endangered species, including aardvark, aardwolf and the highly sought after pangolin.
All guests are encouraged to experience a variety of game-viewing opportunities over and above the regular safari drives, which are conducted in open 4X4 safari vehicles - from guided bush walks, leisurely horseback safaris, to spending time with the habituated meerkats.